Systematic literature review on software architecture of educational websites
The modern world greatly depends on information systems and the software that governs them. The software architecture defines and designs the holistic structure that the software will have, its components, the interaction between them and all the development is done around it. The purpose of this systematic literature review (SLR) is to analyse the software architectures used in educational websites, methodologies, technological components and empirical results. The search of the SLR yielded 23 studies from the most significant academic sources in education and software engineering. The results of the SLR show that the analysed educational websites were proposing a software architecture, developing a system, proposing a model, assessing of a platform, proposing a Folksonomy‐Based Ontology Maintenance, reviewing smart home design, and proposing a Web‐based platform to aid parallel, distributed and high‐performance computing education. Of the 23 selected studies, 13 carried out an evaluation of their research with either students, teachers, professionals or a combination of these. In conclusion, the selected studies present narrated experiments of projects or individuals that seek to improve collaborative learning in the educational area. Finally, an important finding is that the proposed software architectures do not contemplate laws or quality standards for universal access.